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by Casper Pedersen on March 20, 2004

As a owner of an iPod, I had a problem when I moved to Linux on my desktop, as Apple does not provide iTunes for Linux. After some digging around I found gtkPod, which is a linux iPod tool.

My iPod is originally an Mac iPod, but I converted it almost immidiatly after I got, so that I could use ephPod. This is due to this fact that if you have an Mac iPod you might find that some of the information here can be a little bit incorrect (See Updates).

UPDATED 2004-06-14

With this tutorial, I will try to give you the steps to build the gtkpod, as an RPM package for Fedora.

"gtkpod is a platform independent GUI for Apple's iPod using GTK2. It allows you to upload songs and playlists to your iPod. It supports ID3 tag editing, multiple charsets for ID3 tags, detects duplicate songs, allows offline modification of the database with later synchronisation, and more."

  1. Download the 0.72-2 release from and save it to your SOURCES directory.
  2. Download the following file and save it to your SOURCES directory
    1. gtkpod-icon-48.png
  3. Download gtkpod.spec and save it to your SPECS directory.
  4. Open a terminal and change to your SPECS directory:
    [casper@localhost casper]$ cd rpmbuild/SPECS
    [casper@localhost SPECS]$
  5. Run rpmbuild -ba gtkpod.spec to build the RPM package
    [casper@localhost SPECS]$ rpmbuild -ba gtkpod.spec
    Executing(%prep): /bin/sh -e /home/casper/rpmbuild/TMP/rpm-tmp.41992
    + umask 022
    + cd /home/casper/rpmbuild//BUILD
    + LANG=C
    + export LANG
    + unset DISPLAY
    + cd /home/casper/rpmbuild/BUILD
    + rm -rf gtkpod-0.72-2
    + /usr/bin/gzip -dc /home/casper/rpmbuild/SOURCES/gtkpod-0.72-2.tar.gz
    + tar -xf -
    + STATUS=0
    + '[' 0 -ne 0 ']'
    + cd gtkpod-0.72-2
    ++ /usr/bin/id -u
    + '[' 1002 = 0 ']'
    ++ /usr/bin/id -u
    + '[' 1002 = 0 ']'
    + /bin/chmod -Rf a+rX,g-w,o-w .
    + exit 0
    Executing(%build): /bin/sh -e /home/casper/rpmbuild/TMP/rpm-tmp.41992
    + umask 022
    + cd /home/casper/rpmbuild//BUILD
    + cd gtkpod-0.72-2
    + LANG=C
    + export LANG
    + unset DISPLAY
    + CFLAGS=-O2 -g -pipe -march=i386 -mcpu=i686
    + export CFLAGS
    + CXXFLAGS=-O2 -g -pipe -march=i386 -mcpu=i686
    + export CXXFLAGS
    + FFLAGS=-O2 -g -pipe -march=i386 -mcpu=i686
    + export FFLAGS
    ++ find . -name config.guess -o -name config.sub
    ++ basename ./config.guess
    + '[' -f /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/config.guess ']'
    + /bin/rm -f ./config.guess
    ++ basename ./config.guess
    + /bin/cp -fv /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/config.guess ./config.guess
    `/usr/lib/rpm/redhat/config.guess' -> `./config.guess'
    ++ basename ./config.sub
    + '[' -f /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/config.sub ']'
    + /bin/rm -f ./config.sub
    ++ basename ./config.sub
    + /bin/cp -fv /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/config.sub ./config.sub
    `/usr/lib/rpm/redhat/config.sub' -> `./config.sub'
    + ./configure --host=i686-pc-linux-gnu --build=i686-pc-linux-gnu --target=i386-redhat-linux-gnu --program-prefix= --prefix=/usr --exec-prefix=/usr --bindir=/usr/bin --sbindir=/usr/sbin --sysconfdir=/etc --datadir=/usr/share --includedir=/usr/include --libdir=/usr/lib --libexecdir=/usr/libexec --localstatedir=/var --sharedstatedir=/usr/com --mandir=/usr/share/man --infodir=/usr/share/info
    checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
    checking whether build environment is sane... yes
    checking for gawk... gawk
    checking whether make sets $(MAKE)... yes
    checking whether to enable maintainer-specific portions of Makefiles... no
    checking build system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
    checking host system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
    checking for style of include used by make... GNU
    checking for i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc... no
    checking for gcc... gcc
    checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
    checking whether the C compiler works... yes
    checking whether we are cross compiling... no
    checking for suffix of executables...
    checking for suffix of object files... o
    checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
    checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
    checking for gcc option to accept ANSI C... none needed
    checking dependency style of gcc... gcc3
    checking for strerror in -lcposix... no
    checking for i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc... gcc
    checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... (cached) yes
    checking whether gcc accepts -g... (cached) yes
    checking for gcc option to accept ANSI C... (cached) none needed
    checking dependency style of gcc... (cached) gcc3
    checking for gcc option to accept ANSI C... none needed
    checking for pkg-config... /usr/bin/pkg-config
    checking for gtk+-2.0 >= 2.0.0 gthread-2.0 >= 0.14.0 glib-2.0 > 2.0.0... yes
    checking PACKAGE_CFLAGS... -pthread -I/usr/include/gtk-2.0 -I/usr/lib/gtk-2.0/include -I/usr/include/atk-1.0 -I/usr/include/pango-1.0 -I/usr/X11R6/include -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/glib-2.0/include
    checking PACKAGE_LIBS... -Wl,--export-dynamic -pthread -lgtk-x11-2.0 -lgdk-x11-2.0 -latk-1.0 -lgdk_pixbuf-2.0 -lm -lpangoxft-1.0 -lpangox-1.0 -lpango-1.0 -lgobject-2.0 -lgmodule-2.0 -ldl -lgthread-2.0 -lglib-2.0
    checking for flex... flex
    checking for yywrap in -lfl... yes
    checking lex output file root... lex.yy
    checking whether yytext is a pointer... yes
    checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
    checking for egrep... grep -E
    checking for ANSI C header files... yes
    checking for sys/types.h... yes
    checking for sys/stat.h... yes
    checking for stdlib.h... yes
    checking for string.h... yes
    checking for memory.h... yes
    checking for strings.h... yes
    checking for inttypes.h... yes
    Requires(interp): /bin/sh /bin/sh
    Requires(rpmlib): rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1 rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
    Requires(post): /bin/sh
    Requires(postun): /bin/sh
    Requires: gettext id3lib libid3tag
    Processing files: gtkpod-debuginfo-0.72-2.1.fdr
    Requires(rpmlib): rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1 rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
    Checking for unpackaged file(s): /usr/lib/rpm/check-files /home/casper/rpmbuild/TMP/gtkpod-0.72-root
    Wrote: /home/casper/rpmbuild/SRPMS/gtkpod-0.72-2.1.fdr.src.rpm
    Wrote: /home/casper/rpmbuild/RPMS/i386/gtkpod-0.72-2.1.fdr.i386.rpm
    Wrote: /home/casper/rpmbuild/RPMS/i386/gtkpod-debuginfo-0.72-2.1.fdr.i386.rpm
    Executing(%clean): /bin/sh -e /home/casper/rpmbuild/TMP/rpm-tmp.44467
    + umask 022
    + cd /home/casper/rpmbuild//BUILD
    + cd gtkpod-0.72-2
    + rm -rf /home/casper/rpmbuild/TMP/gtkpod-0.72-root
    + exit 0
    [casper@localhost SPECS]$
  6. Now install it
    [casper@localhost SPECS]$ su -c "rpm -ivh ../RPMS/i386/gtkpod-0.72-2.1.fdr.i386.rpm"
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:gtkpod                 ########################################### [100%]
    [casper@localhost SPECS]$
  7. Now it is time to try it out, Gnome Menu -> Sound & Video -> GtkPod.
  8. Well it's not much fun, to have gtkPod running, but not being able to see the files on it. To fix this do the following

    1. Make sure that 'sbp2' is loaded, which should happen just after you plugin your iPod
      [casper@localhost casper]$ lsmod | grep sbp2
      sbp2                   20780   0 (unused)
      ieee1394              208164   0 [sbp2 ohci1394]
      scsi_mod              113640   5 [sbp2 sg usb-storage ata_piix libata sd_mod]
      [casper@tuxdsk casper]$
    2. Now find the right partition to mount
      [casper@localhost casper]$ su -c "/sbin/fdisk -l"
      Disk /dev/hda: 61.4 GB, 61492838400 bytes
      16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 119150 cylinders
      Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes
         Device Boot    Start       End    Blocks   Id  System
      /dev/hda1   *         x       xxx    xxxxxx+  83  Linux
      /dev/hda2           xxx     xxxxx  xxxxxxxx   83  Linux
      /dev/hda3         xxxxx     xxxxx   xxxxxxx   82  Linux swap
      /dev/hda4         xxxxx    xxxxxx  xxxxxxxx    f  Win95 Ext'd (LBA)
      /dev/hda5         xxxxx    xxxxxx  xxxxxxxx+  83  Linux
      [casper@localhost casper]$
      Stop!! It's not there, and this is because SCSI did not update the devices. To fix this download and run it:
      [casper@localhost casper]$ su -c ""
      Host adapter 0 (ata_piix) found.
      Host adapter 1 (ata_piix) found.
      Host adapter 3 (sbp2_1) found.
      Host adapter 2 (usb-storage-0) found.
      Scanning hosts  0 1 3 2 channels 0 for
       SCSI target IDs  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 , LUNs  0
      Scanning for device 3 0 0 0 ...
      NEW: Host: scsi3 Channel: 00 Id: 00 Lun: 00
            Vendor: Apple    Model: iPod             Rev: 1.30
            Type:   Direct-Access                    ANSI SCSI revision: 02
      Scanning for device 2 0 0 0 ...
      1 new device(s) found.
      0 device(s) removed.
      [casper@localhost casper]$
      Now you should have a SCSI disk:
      [casper@tuxdsk casper]$ su -c "/sbin/fdisk -l"
      Disk /dev/sda: 10.0 GB, 10000005120 bytes
      255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1215 cylinders
      Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
         Device Boot    Start       End    Blocks   Id  System
      /dev/sda1   *         1         5     40131    0  Empty
      /dev/sda2   *         6      1215   9719325    b  Win95 FAT32
      [casper@localhost casper]$
      I know from earlier experience that something bad will happen if I mount sdb1, therefor do not mount sdb1!!
    3. Create a mount point
      [casper@localhost casper]$ su -c "mkdir -p /mnt/ipod"
    4. Mount it
      [casper@localhost casper]$ su -c "mount -t vfat /dev/sda2 /mnt/ipod"
      [casper@localhost casper]$
    5. You should now be able to see the files
      [casper@localhost casper]$ ls /mnt/ipod
      autorun.inf  Calendars  Contacts  iPod_Control
      [casper@localhost casper]$
    6. But you do not have rights to write files to (which was the idea for doing all this), first unmount it
      [casper@localhost casper]$ su -c "umount /mnt/ipod"
      [casper@localhost casper]$
      Then modify /etc/fstab, and add the following
      /dev/sda2       /mnt/ipod        vfat    user,noauto,umask=0 0 0
      Which enable you to mount it as an unpriviledged user (root), and you will have write access to it.
    7. Now mount it again
      [casper@localhost casper]$ mount /mnt/ipod
      [casper@localhost casper]$ ls -l /mnt/ipod
      [casper@localhost casper]$ ls -l /mnt/ipod
      total 20
      -rwxrwxrwx  1 casper users   24 Mar 29  2003 autorun.inf
      drwxrwxrwx  2 casper users 4096 Jan  1  1980 Calendars
      drwxrwxrwx  2 casper users 4096 Jan  1  1980 Contacts
      drwxrwxrwx  5 casper users 4096 Sep  7  2002 iPod_Control
      [casper@localhost casper]$
    8. Now start gtkPod again, and do Files -> Read iTunedDB and you should all the mp3's you have on your iPod.
    9. To get a "Ok to disconnect" you will have to
      [casper@localhost casper]$ su -c "/sbin/rmmod sbp2"
      [casper@localhost casper]$
      This is what I do, if someone have an better way to do it, please let me know, and I will add the information here.

  9. You can set gtkPod up to handle mounting automatically (I have to mount it manually which is due to the issue with seeing the iPod automatically). Use Ctrl+p to jump directly to Preferences.
  • For more information

    Apple iPod

    Legal notice
    iTunes and iPod are trademarks of Apple.

    UPDATED 2004-06-14
    I got an email from Jorg Schuler, who pointed me to to
    ars technica which has an interesting discussion about auto-mouting.

    I have not looked at but, I'll update this as soon as it happens.

    UPDATED 2004-03-21
    I've updated the .spec file, BuildRequires was missing '-devel' on the package names. New version is 0.72-2.2. There is no need to rebuild the package if you already did it.

    I've got some suggestions on how to eject the iPod.

    1. Jorg Schuler, who is the developer of gtkPod.
      Use 'visudo' to add '%users ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/usr/bin/eject' to /etc/sudo. Then use 'sudo eject /mnt/ipod' to eject it.
    2. Ken VanDine send this link which shows howto use hotplug to automount the iPod.
    Also there is something else which I was awhere of, as there are two diffrent versions of the iPod; Mac version, and Windows version, there is also two diffrent ways to mount it.
    • With the Mac version mount '/dev/sda1'
    • With the Windows version mount '/dev/sda2'
    I did not know this a I converted my Mac iPod to a Windows....